Hyper-V supports nested virtualization, yes, even on Window 10.
How do you go about enabling this? The official documentation gives you a very good explanation:
Want a quick summary instead? Throw the following commands in Powershell:
Set-VMProcessor -VMName <VMName> -ExposeVirtualizationExtensions $true Get-VMNetworkAdapter -VMName <VMName> | Set-VMNetworkAdapter -MacAddressSpoofing On
This simply enables nested virtualization for your VM and fixes the networking (enables MAC address spoofing, so no NAT etc, just a bridge).
And disable dynamic RAM for your VM, it won’t work. The doc say so and it prevented my test VM to boot.